A Pan-African pioneer
posted by: Tippa Naphtali
all credits: BlackPast.org
published: (date unknown)
Updates listed at the foot of this item
Amy Jacques Garvey became the second wife of famous United Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) leader Marcus Garvey in July 1922, only a few months after his divorce from his first wife, Amy Ashwood. Ironically Jacques was not only a friend but the maid of honor at the Garvey-Ashwood wedding on Dec. 25, 1919. In 1920, Jacques became Garvey’s companion and personal secretary.
Jacques was a pioneer of Pan-African emancipation who was born in Kingston, Jamaica on Dec. 31, 1885. Challenged intellectually by her father and growing up privileged gave Jacques the opportunity to go to the finest schools in Jamaica. Jacques’ lineage was deeply rooted in an upper-class British heritage.
Her great-great grandfather, John Jacques, was the first mayor of Kingston. Coming from such a background, her father, George, like Amy, had the opportunity to receive a formal education.
In 1891 George married Charlotte Henrietta, Amy’s mother, who also was formally educated. Charlotte’s mother was a black woman while her father was a white English farmer. This put the couple and their family in a popular section for the “brown”/colored elite on the outskirts of the city.
After her schooling in Jamaica, Amy Jacques moved to the United States in 1917. There she met Marcus Garvey and they wed in 1922.
Biography – Amy Jacques Garvey
The Veiled Garvey: The Life and Times of Amy Jacques Garvey
30 September 2002
Hidden Figures: Amy Jacques Garvey
28 February 2018
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