source: The Guardian
published: 28 May 2021
Mark Duggan’s family have accused the police watchdog of lacking courage after it refused to reopen its investigation into his 2011 killing by armed officers.
The shooting of Duggan, 29, in Tottenham, north London, after armed officers intercepted the minicab in which he was travelling on the basis of intelligence that he was carrying a gun, triggered civil unrest across England. An illegal firearm was found over a fence, 7 metres from where he was shot.
In 2015, the Independent Police Complaints Commission (IPCC), since succeeded by the Independent Office for Police Conduct (IOPC), found no case to answer for any officer involved. Forensic Architecture (FA), a human rights research organisation based at Goldsmiths, University of London, challenged the IPCC conclusion that Duggan must have thrown the gun as he was shot, despite no officers having seen the weapon in flight and no DNA evidence connecting it to him.
Using virtual modelling, incorporating new expert evidence, FA claimed this was implausible. IOPC investigators met FA in February last year to examine its analysis but this week the watchdog said it would not reopen the investigation because there was nothing in the new reports to suggest its findings were incorrect.